Why Are Canada Vehicles Rated Higher on MPG?

Canada's vehicles have long been recognized for their impressive fuel efficiency ratings. However, recent findings have revealed that these ratings may vary significantly in comparison to those provided by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for identical cars. The key reason behind this discrepancy lies in the testing methods employed by the Canadian authorities. Unlike the EPA's current testing protocol, which utilizes a five-cycle test, Canada employs a two-cycle test that mirrors the EPA's methodology prior to 2008. This distinction can significantly impact the reported city and highway fuel efficiency ratings, ultimately resulting in higher averages for Canadian vehicles. These variations highlight the complexities surrounding fuel efficiency ratings and regulations, prompting further exploration into the factors contributing to these discrepancies.

What Is the Fuel Economy of Canada vs the US?

They inform consumers about the expected fuel efficiency of different vehicles and help them make informed decisions when purchasing a car. However, the question arises, why is there such a significant difference in fuel economy between Canada and the US?

There are a few factors that contribute to this difference. One major factor is the testing methods used by the two countries. Canada uses the 5-cycle testing procedure, while the US uses the FTP-75 test. These tests simulate real-world driving conditions and measure fuel efficiency accordingly. However, the Canadian test is considered to be more representative of real-world driving, while the US test is seen as more lenient and allows for some deviation from actual driving conditions.

It’s important to note that despite the differences in fuel economy ratings, the actual fuel efficiency experienced by drivers may vary depending on driving habits, road conditions, and other factors. These fuel economy ratings should be used as a general guide and not as an exact measure of a vehicles performance.

This is due to factors such as different testing methods, fuel formulations, vehicle standards, and consumer preferences. However, it’s important for consumers to consider their own driving habits and needs when choosing a vehicle, as actual fuel efficiency may vary.

Comparison of Fuel Efficiency Standards Between Canada and the US

Canada and the US have different fuel efficiency standards for vehicles. These standards determine how efficient a vehicle must be, in terms of fuel consumption and emissions, in order to be sold in each country. While the US has stricter fuel efficiency standards, Canada’s standards are slightly less stringent.

In Canada, just like in many metric-system countries, the term gas mileage is referred to as miles per gallon (MPG), despite the use of the metric system. This fuel economy rating measures the distance a vehicle can travel on a gallon of gasoline or diesel. However, the metric equivalent of this rating would be kilometres per litre (km/L).

What Do They Call Gas Mileage in Canada?

In Canada, the term used to refer to gas mileage isn’t miles per gallon (MPG), but rather litres per 100 kilometres (L/100 km). This fuel economy rating represents how many litres of fuel a vehicle consumes to travel a distance of 100 kilometres. It’s the preferred unit of measurement in Canada and is used in various contexts, including vehicle specifications, advertising, and government regulations.

The adoption of litres per 100 kilometres in Canada, along with other metric-system countries, can be attributed to the metric system being the standard system of measurement. This system is widely used in countries around the world, making it convenient to have a consistent fuel economy measurement unit. It allows for easier comparison and understanding of the efficiency of different vehicles, regardless of the type of fuel they use.

The conversion from MPG to L/100 km is relatively simple. To convert MPG to L/100 km, one divides the number 235.2 by the value in MPG. This conversion factor allows for a direct comparison between the two units. For example, if a vehicle has a fuel economy rating of 30 MPG, the equivalent would be approximately 7.8 L/100 km.

This standardization allows consumers, manufacturers, and government agencies to easily understand and assess the fuel efficiency of vehicles. Additionally, it encourages the adoption of more fuel-efficient technologies and practices in the automotive industry.

Understanding and calculating fuel efficiency in Canada involves using the L/100 km measurement. This widely accepted unit of measurement makes it convenient for Canadians to evaluate the fuel economy of vehicles and make informed decisions when purchasing or operating a vehicle. It ensures transparency in the automotive market and promotes the responsible use of fuel resources in the country.

Source: How do Canadians talk about gas mileage? They don’t …

European cars are known to have better fuel efficiency compared to their American counterparts. This is due to several factors such as the measurement of MPG, the use of smaller engines and lighter car designs, as well as the prevalence of diesel as a fuel source. These reasons contribute to the higher mileage achieved by European vehicles.

Why Do Cars in Europe Get Better Mpg?

European cars tend to have smaller engines compared to their American counterparts. This is mainly due to the higher fuel prices in Europe, which incentivize manufacturers to produce vehicles with smaller engines that offer more fuel efficiency. Smaller engines require less fuel to operate, resulting in better miles per gallon (MPG) ratings. Additionally, smaller engines tend to be lighter, which further contributes to improved fuel economy.

Furthermore, the prevalence of diesel engines in Europe also plays a significant role in the better MPG ratings. Diesel engines are known for their higher efficiency compared to gasoline engines. They typically have a higher compression ratio, which enables them to extract more energy from the fuel. As a result, diesel-powered cars tend to have better fuel economy and achieve higher MPG figures.

European countries also tend to have stricter emissions regulations, which have pushed manufacturers to focus on developing more fuel-efficient vehicles. These regulations have led to the adoption of technologies such as direct fuel injection, turbocharging, and start-stop systems, which enhance fuel efficiency and contribute to improved MPG ratings.

These factors have collectively led to the development of vehicles that offer better fuel economy, helping European drivers save money at the pump and reduce their carbon footprint.

Despite the ongoing efforts to improve fuel efficiency in the United States, it seems that other countries have already set higher standards, particularly when it comes to European cars. In comparison to China and South Korea’s ambitious targets for model year 2020, the European Union has raised the bar further with a standard of 56.8 mpg for 2021 vehicles. This leaves the U.S. with catching up to do if it wants to remain competitive in the global automotive industry.

What Is the MPG of a European Car?

The fuel efficiency ratings of European cars, specifically the MPG (miles per gallon) they achieve, vary significantly depending on the make and model. However, it’s worth noting that Europe has already surpassed the current U.S. target for fuel efficiency. A comparison between the MPG standards of different countries reveals that China and South Korea have set ambitious targets for the year 2020, with 47.7 mpg and 56.6 mpg respectively. In contrast, the European Union has set a standard of 56.8 mpg for cars manufactured in 2021.

European car manufacturers have been investing heavily in research and development to enhance the fuel efficiency of their vehicles. This has led to the introduction of advanced technologies, including hybrid and electric powertrains, lightweight materials, aerodynamic designs, and efficient engines. These innovations, coupled with stricter regulations and emission standards in Europe, have significantly contributed to the impressive MPG ratings achieved by European cars.

It’s important to remember that the MPG a European car achieves can also depend on several factors, such as driving conditions, vehicle weight, engine size, and the type of fuel used. Additionally, different testing methods may be employed to determine the official fuel consumption figures. In Europe, the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) was previously used, which was criticized for not accurately reflecting real-world driving conditions. However, a newer testing cycle, the Worldwide Harmonised Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP), has been implemented to provide more accurate and reliable results.

When it comes to measuring gasoline in Canada, the standard unit of measurement is litres, unlike in the United States where it’s measured in gallons. If you’re looking to convert the Canadian dollar per litre to the US dollar per gallon, a handy resource is the TripAdvisor page titled “Inside Canada: Fuel Prices.” It provides a convenient tool for making accurate conversions and staying informed about fuel costs.

What Measurement Does Canada Use for Gasoline?

When it comes to measuring gasoline in Canada, the unit of measurement used is liters, rather than gallons. This may be slightly different from what some visitors from other countries are accustomed to. To get an idea of the cost of gasoline in Canada, it’s helpful to refer to the TripAdvisor page titled “Inside Canada: Fuel Prices.”. On this page, you can find valuable information about fuel prices and even convert the cost from Canadian dollars per liter to US dollars per gallon.

History of the Adoption of the Liter as the Unit of Measurement for Gasoline in Canada

The adoption of the liter as the unit of measurement for gasoline in Canada has a historical background. It was implemented in order to standardize and bring consistency to the measurement of gasoline, making it easier for consumers and businesses to understand and compare prices. This change was made to align with international standards, as the liter is the widely accepted unit of measurement for petroleum products in many parts of the world. Overall, the adoption of the liter as the unit of measurement for gasoline in Canada was a practical and necessary step in ensuring transparency and uniformity in the fuel industry.


In the realm of fuel efficiency ratings, a notable divergence arises when comparing vehicles in Canada and the United States. This discrepancy highlights the importance of accounting for regional variations and testing methods when evaluating a vehicle's mpg performance. Such contextual nuances remind us that a comprehensive understanding of fuel efficiency ratings necessitates a deeper examination of the testing protocols employed by different countries.

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