What Is WLTP Fuel Consumption?

Introduced in Autumn 2017, this worldwide standard has revolutionized the way fuel consumption is measured, offering consumers and regulators a more accurate understanding of a vehicle's efficiency. By simulating various driving scenarios, the WLTP provides valuable information on a vehicle's actual range and emissions, ultimately contributing to a more sustainable and environmentally friendly automotive industry.

What Does WLTP MPG High Mean?

Low: up to 32mph. These speed ranges allow for a more comprehensive evaluation of a vehicles fuel efficiency across different driving conditions. The WLTP MPG high value specifically refers to the fuel consumption measured during the high speed range, where the vehicle is driven up to a maximum of 60mph.

The WLTP testing procedure is designed to provide more accurate and reliable fuel consumption figures compared to the previously used NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) test. It takes into account various factors that can affect fuel efficiency, such as vehicle weight, aerodynamics, rolling resistance, and driving style. By conducting the tests at different speed ranges, it aims to reflect real-world driving conditions more accurately.

It indicates the fuel efficiency of a vehicle when driving at speeds of up to 60mph, which is a common speed limit on many roads. This information can help consumers make informed decisions about the vehicles fuel consumption and anticipate the amount of fuel needed for longer journeys or high-speed driving.

Additionally, the WLTP MPG high value allows for comparisons between different vehicles in terms of their fuel efficiency at higher speeds. It enables consumers to evaluate the potential savings in fuel costs and environmental impact when choosing a more fuel-efficient vehicle.

Now let’s delve into the details of how the WLTP range is calculated and what factors come into play.

How Is the WLTP Range Calculated?

The Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) range calculation involves a meticulous process that aims to provide accurate information about a vehicles electric driving range. One example that showcases this calculation is the 2022 Jaguar I-Pace. To determine it’s WLTP range, the test cycle is executed twice, taking into account the energy consumption from the battery.

Firstly, the usable battery capacity of the I-Pace must be determined. Lets assume it’s an energy capacity of 84,700 Wh. This capacity represents the amount of energy available to power the vehicle and is a crucial factor in calculating the WLTP range.

Next, the energy consumption from the battery is measured. In this case, it’s estimated to be around 180 Wh per kilometer. This figure indicates the amount of energy consumed to cover a distance of one kilometer. It accounts for factors such as driving conditions, terrain, and vehicle efficiency.

It takes into account the energy available in the battery and how efficiently it’s utilized, resulting in a more realistic representation of the vehicles capabilities.

This approach allows car manufacturers and consumers to have a clearer understanding of the vehicles real-world driving range, enabling informed decision-making when it comes to electric mobility.

Explanation of the WLTP Test Cycle: Provide a Detailed Description of How the WLTP Test Cycle Is Conducted, Including the Specific Driving Scenarios and Conditions Involved.

The WLTP test cycle is a standardized method used to measure vehicle emissions and fuel consumption. It consists of a series of driving scenarios designed to simulate real-world driving conditions. The test starts with a cold engine and includes various speeds, accelerations, and decelerations. The cycle also incorporates different driving modes, such as urban, suburban, and extra-urban, to represent typical driving conditions. Additionally, the test factors in uphill and downhill gradients. The specific conditions and scenarios aim to provide a comprehensive evaluation of a vehicle’s performance and emissions.

Source: WLTP Explained: Simplifying Range and Efficiency – evdb.nz

Watch this video on YouTube:

Now that we understand the concept of WLTP efficiency for electric vehicles, it’s important to note the distinction between WLTP efficiency and dashboard or driving efficiency. While WLTP efficiency is measured by recharged electric energy from the mains and expressed as Wh/km, dashboard or driving efficiency is expressed as kWh/100 km or km/kWh and is measured by the vehicle from electric energy stored in the battery. This differentiation allows for a comprehensive analysis of an EV’s energy consumption and performance.

What Is the WLTP Efficiency of EV?

The WLTP efficiency of an electric vehicle (EV) is a crucial factor in determining it’s overall performance and range. Measured in Wh/km, this metric considers the amount of recharged electric energy from the mains required to power the vehicle for a specific distance. It provides an accurate representation of the energy consumption of the EV, allowing consumers to make informed choices about their vehicles efficiency.

On the other hand, the dashboard or driving efficiency, expressed as kWh/100 km or km/kWh, is a measurement that the vehicle itself calculates. It reflects the amount of electric energy consumed per distance traveled, based on the energy stored in the battery. This metric is displayed on the dashboard and provides real-time feedback on the vehicles immediate energy efficiency.

It also translates to lower charging costs and reduced environmental impact.

By comparing the efficiency ratings of various models, consumers can make informed decisions about which vehicle best suits their needs and preferences, taking into account factors such as range, charging infrastructure, and driving habits.

It serves as a basis for comparing different models and influences the overall range of the vehicle. Both metrics are valuable in understanding the energy efficiency and performance of an EV and can guide prospective buyers in making informed choices.

Factors Affecting WLTP Efficiency of EVs: This Topic Could Delve Into the Various Factors That Can Influence the WLTP Efficiency of Electric Vehicles. It Could Explore How Factors Such as Vehicle Weight, Aerodynamics, Tire Type, and Driving Behavior Can Impact the Energy Consumption and Efficiency of EVs.

  • Vehicle weight
  • Aerodynamics
  • Tire type
  • Driving behavior

The World Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) is an internationally recognized standard for measuring the fuel consumption and emissions of vehicles. While originally developed for conventional combustion-engine vehicles, it’s also been adapted for electric vehicles, including those produced by Tesla. The WLTP test for electric vehicles involves a dynamic test cycle lasting 30 minutes, which includes a variety of driving phases that simulate both urban and non-urban driving conditions. This comprehensive test measures the driving range of electric vehicles by testing them at different speeds, incorporating stops, acceleration, and braking.

What Is WLTP in Tesla?

WLTP, or Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicles Test Procedure, is a standardized test utilized to measure the driving range of electric vehicles, including Tesla models. It’s purpose is to provide accurate and comparable data on the energy consumption, emissions, and driving range of different vehicles, enabling consumers to make informed decisions.

The WLTP test cycle consists of a dynamic 30-minute drive, designed to reflect real-world driving conditions in a balanced way. It incorporates various driving phases, including both urban and non-urban scenarios, to provide a comprehensive assessment. During the test, the vehicle is subjected to different speeds, stops, accelerations, and braking actions, replicating a range of driving behaviors that an average driver might engage in.

By undergoing the WLTP test, Tesla models are subjected to a series of driving scenarios that replicate a typical driving experience. The inclusion of various speeds, stops, and accelerations in the test provides a comprehensive evaluation of the vehicles energy consumption and driving range, offering consumers a more realistic representation of what they can expect in real-world driving situations.


The introduction of the WLTP fuel consumption standard in Autumn 2017 marked a significant step towards more accurate measurement and reporting of fuel consumption, CO2 emissions, and range for light-duty vehicles. This standardized approach ensures that fuel efficiency claims are substantiated, environmental impact is assessed accurately, and consumers can make informed decisions based on reliable data. As the automotive industry continues to prioritize sustainability and efficiency, the WLTP plays a crucial role in driving transparency and accountability across the sector.

Scroll to Top